ASSOCIATION OF THE TYPE OF INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE WITH SERIOUS COMPLICATIONS AND PREDICTIVE FACTORS FOR HEMORRHAGIC TRANSFORMATION AFTER THROMBOLYTIC TREATMENT IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE ISCHEMIC STROKE

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55374/jseamed.v8.186

Keywords:

Intracerebral hemorrhage, Acute stroke, Thrombolysis, Mortality, Complications

Abstract

Background: Accurate classification of postthrombolytic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) subtypes is vital for predicting stroke outcomes and managing ICH. Currently, the recommended classification criteria are the European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study III criteria, including two primary categories: hemorrhagic infarction (HI) and parenchymal hematoma (PH).

Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to assess the contribution of various ICH subtypes to serious complications, with the secondary aim to identify associated predictors.
Methods: The study examined medical records of patients with acute ischemic stroke receiving thrombolysis at Saraburi Hospital from 2014 to 2022. The logit model with the margins command assessed the association of ICH subtypes with serious complications, and multinomial logistic regression identified potential predictors for HI and PH.

Results: Among 345 patients, HI-1, HI-2, PH-1 and PH-2 had prevalence rates of 3.2, 7.8, 4.9 and 7.5%, respectively, while 76.5% did not have ICH. PH-2 demonstrated the strongest correlation with inhospital mortality (adjusted risk ratio [RR] 2.83, 95% CI 1.56-5.13), invasive mechanical ventilator requirement (adjusted RR 3.93, 95% CI 2.09-7.39) and hematoma evacuation (adjusted RR 4.58, 95% CI 1.17-17.95) compared with patients of non-ICH. HI demonstrated a significant prolongation of hospitalization. (adjusted RR 3.30, 95% CI 1.53-7.12). Multinomial logistic regression analysis revealed that prior use of antiplatelet drugs, antihypertensive treatment before rt-PA, white blood cell count ≥11,750 cells/mm3 and baseline Alberta stroke program early CT scores ≤7 were independent predictors for PH. The adjusted odds ratios were 3.06 (95% CI, 1.23-7.57), 6.95 (95% CI, 2.62-18.45), 6.01 (95% CI, 2.17-16.65) and 5.01 (95% CI, 2.00-12.60), respectively.

Conclusion: The PH-2 subtype was associated with the highest mortality, while our study demonstrated that the HI subtype, previously considered relatively benign with successful early recanalization, showed a significant prolongation of hospitalization compared with that of patients of non-ICH. High-risk patients of ICH require intensive monitoring to reduce complications.

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Functional outcomes of patients with different ICH subtypes of postthrombolytic ICH using the mRS at the time of hospital discharge.

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Published

2024-02-19

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Krongsut S, Naraphong W, Srikaew S, Anusasnee N. ASSOCIATION OF THE TYPE OF INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE WITH SERIOUS COMPLICATIONS AND PREDICTIVE FACTORS FOR HEMORRHAGIC TRANSFORMATION AFTER THROMBOLYTIC TREATMENT IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE ISCHEMIC STROKE. J Southeast Asian Med Res [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 19 [cited 2024 Apr. 17];8:e0186. Available from: https://jseamed.org/index.php/jseamed/article/view/186

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